Dry Eye Syndrome Symptoms

Dry Eye Syndrome Symptoms

People living with diabetes with dry eye may experience the same symptoms as people living with dry eye without diabetes. The symptoms consist of

  • A gritty sensation
  • Soreness
  • Decreased visual acuity
  • Photophobia (discomfort or pain to the eyes due to light exposure)
  • Itching
  • Decreased goblet cell density (a loss of cells that produce mucins which act as a defense against ocular surface damage)
  • Corneal sensitivity
  • Excessive tearing
  • Pain

More severe cases may be complicated by corneal lesions, conjunctivitis, keratopathy, and inflammation. Lack of symptoms may result from a reduction in corneal sensitivity caused by diabetes-related peripheral corneal neuropathy 4.  Even a minimal decrease in corneal sensitivity is sufficient to cause changes in tear secretion.

Dry eye symptoms are typically severe for patients living with diabetes finding glycemic management challenging.