Cataracts and Diabetes Overview

Cataracts and Diabetes Overview

Overview of Cataracts:

A cataract is a clouding of the lens resulting in reduced vision. Cataract surgery restores vision and is the most common and successful ophthalmic surgery in the world. Due to increasing numbers of people living with type 1 and type 2 diabetes worldwide, the incidence of cataracts associated with diabetes is steadily rising. Mechanisms to delay or prevent the development of cataract in this population remains a challenge. Furthermore, people living with diabetes have higher complication rates from cataract surgery. Both diabetes and cataract pose an enormous health and economic burden, particularly in developing countries, where diabetes treatment is insufficient and cataract surgery often inaccessible 1.

Brief Summary: Diabetes-related Cataracts
Symptoms: Cloudy and blurred vision, difficulty with bright lights & night vision
Diagnosis: Visual acuity test and slit lamp (illuminates eye in small sections – identify any abnormalities)
Treatments: ARIs, antioxidants, cataract surgery and intravitreal injections or vitrectomy