Cataracts and Diabetes Overview

Cataracts and Diabetes Overview

A cataract is a clouding of the lens resulting in reduced vision. Cataract surgery restores vision and is the most common and successful ophthalmic surgery in the world. Due to increasing numbers of type 1 and type 2 diabetics worldwide, the incidence of diabetic cataracts is steadily rising. Mechanisms to delay or prevent the development of cataract in diabetic patients remains a challenge. Furthermore, patients with diabetes have higher complication rates from cataract surgery. Both diabetes and cataract pose an enormous health and economic burden, particularly in developing countries, where diabetes treatment is insufficient and cataract surgery often inaccessible 1.