Incidence and Prevalence of Diabetes-related Eye Diseases

Incidence and Prevalence of Diabetes-related Eye Diseases

With the increase in the number of patients with diabetes on the rise, there is a corresponding increase in diabetes-related retinopathy. In 2012 it was estimated over 93 million were suffering from some form of eye damage caused by diabetes worldwide 4. By 2015 this figure rose to 145 million, with 45 million people with diabetes suffering from Proliferative Diabetes-related Retinopathy (PDR) which is the advanced sight threatening form of Diabetes-related Retinopathy.

The Diabetes-related Retinopathy Barometer Study across 41 countries reported a frequency of Diabetes-related Retinopathy prevalence of 41% in South East Asia region, 20% in the European region, 19% in the Americas regions and Western Pacific region, 18% in the Eastern Mediterranean region and 12% in the Africa region. (ref The diabetic retinopathy barometer report:global findings 2017). Diabetes-related Macular Edema prevalence was found to be 11% in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 9% in the European region, 6% in the Americas regions, Western Pacific region, and South East Asia region, and 0% in the Africa region.

Region/Country

% Diabetics diagnosed with

Diabetic Retinopathy

% Diabetics diagnosed with

Diabetic Macular Edema

Africa region 12 0
South Africa 11 0
Uganda 12 0
Eastern Mediterranean Region 18 11
Algeria 19 13
Egypt 14 11
Lebanon 0 100
Saudi Arabia 14 9
United Arab Emirates 26 9
European Region 20 9
Bulgaria 50 20
Czech Republic 0 0
Denmark 15 8
Finland 37 17
France 16 15
Germany 21 14
Ireland 20 2
Italy 10 10
Netherlands 8 2
Norway 11 4
Poland 25 7
Portugal 29 11
Romania 27 13
Russia 31 25
Slovenia 22 5
Spain 16 7
Sweden 5 8
Turkey 12 3
United Kingdom 31 4
Region of the Americas 19 6
Argentina 13 7
Brazil 27 6
Canada 17 3
Chile 24 14
Colombia 28 12
Costa Rica 32 11
Mexico 11 3
Venezuela 11 0
South East Asia Region 41 6
Bangladesh 41 6
Western Pacific Region 19 6
Australia 22 3
China 24 13
Hong Kong 13 3
Japan 4 4
Malaysia 28 8
South Korea 10 16
TOTAL 20 8

Diabetes-related Retinopathy was more frequent in respondents with type 1 (25%) versus type 2 (16%) diabetes, whereas there was little variation in reported Diabetes-related Macular Edema for those with type 1 (8.1%) and type 2 (7.7%) diabetes.

With the increase in the number of diabetic patients on the rise, there is a corresponding increase in diabetic retinopathy. In 2012 it was estimated over 93 million were suffering from some form of eye damage caused by diabetes worldwide 4. By 2015 this figure rose to 145 million, with 45 million diabetics suffering from Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR) which is the advanced sight threatening form of Diabetic Retinopathy.

The Diabetic Retinopathy Barometer Study across 41 countries reported a frequency of Diabetic Retinopathy prevalence of 41% in South East Asia region, 20% in the European region, 19% in the Americas regions and Western Pacific region, 18% in the Eastern Mediterranean region and 12% in the Africa region. (ref The diabetic retinopathy barometer report:global findings 2017). Diabetic Macular Edema prevalence was found to be 11% in the Eastern Mediterranean region, 9% in the European region, 6% in the Americas regions, Western Pacific region, and South East Asia region, and 0% in the Africa region.

Region/Country

% Diabetics diagnosed with

Diabetic Retinopathy

% Diabetics diagnosed with

Diabetic Macular Edema

Africa region 12 0
South Africa 11 0
Uganda 12 0
Eastern Mediterranean Region 18 11
Algeria 19 13
Egypt 14 11
Lebanon 0 100
Saudi Arabia 14 9
United Arab Emirates 26 9
European Region 20 9
Bulgaria 50 20
Czech Republic 0 0
Denmark 15 8
Finland 37 17
France 16 15
Germany 21 14
Ireland 20 2
Italy 10 10
Netherlands 8 2
Norway 11 4
Poland 25 7
Portugal 29 11
Romania 27 13
Russia 31 25
Slovenia 22 5
Spain 16 7
Sweden 5 8
Turkey 12 3
United Kingdom 31 4
Region of the Americas 19 6
Argentina 13 7
Brazil 27 6
Canada 17 3
Chile 24 14
Colombia 28 12
Costa Rica 32 11
Mexico 11 3
Venezuela 11 0
South East Asia Region 41 6
Bangladesh 41 6
Western Pacific Region 19 6
Australia 22 3
China 24 13
Hong Kong 13 3
Japan 4 4
Malaysia 28 8
South Korea 10 16
TOTAL 20 8

Diabetic Retinopathy was more frequent in respondents with type 1 (25%) versus type 2 (16%) diabetes, whereas there was little variation in reported Diabetic Macular Edema for those with type 1 (8.1%) and type 2 (7.7%) diabetes.